Maximize Your Health with These Five Nutrients

Posted on May 11, 2018

Maximize Your Health with These Five Nutrients
Healthy eating boosts our energy and mood, and it also helps prevent chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer. Also, maintaining a smart diet helps you sleep better at night and keep a healthy weight.
Every day, your body needs a wide range of nutrients. Macronutrients, however, are the essentials that your body needs to stay healthy and optimally perform. The five macronutrients include:

1. Carbohydrates
The main function of carbohydrates is to provide energy. This nutrient is your brain’s only source of fuel and the main source for the body. Sources include whole grains as well as foods made from whole grains such as brown rice, whole-wheat bread, oatmeal, barley, bulgur, and cornmeal. Refined grains and sugar should be limited.

2. Protein
The main function of a protein is to build and repair tissue. Protein contains amino acids which serve as the main building blocks of the body. Sources include poultry, lean meats, seafood, nuts and seeds, beans and peas, soy products, and eggs.

3. Fats
The main function of fats is to provide backup energy. When carbohydrates are unavailable, the body uses fats for energy. Also, fats help protects organs and absorb vitamins. Fats are available in solid and liquid. Sources include sunflower oil, canola oil, olive oil, corn oil, soybean oil, avocados, seeds, and fatty fish. Limit foods high in trans-fat and unhealthy saturated fats.

4. Water
The main function of water is to enable vital bodily functions. The most essential nutrient your body needs is water. It is recommended that women consume 91 ounces of water and men 125 ounces each day.

5. Vitamins and Minerals
The main function of vitamins and minerals is to provide optimal health. Each vitamin and mineral play a unique role in your body. Food sources include dairy products, fruits and vegetables, and lean protein sources.
Speak with an expert on nutrition to learn more about macronutrients and how much of each are needed for your age, weight, height, and activity level.